There are usually six types of fuel used in cars, and (6 types of fuels are available in the market). Care is increasing day by day, and demand for fuel is increasing, so we are running out of fuel. Because of this, the car-makers company is trying to build different types of fuel cars.
It is easy to describe the ideal green energy source for existing cars: the fuel that is least polluting and performs well with low consumption — and overall rational spending.
What could be the fuel that has all these characteristics? Petrol-electric hybrids, fully electric vehicles, diesel, natural gas or bio-fuel. The question is quite difficult. All these fuels have many possibilities, but there are economic and technical challenges associated with all these types of fuels.
Fuel Types for cars
Today we will know what kind of fuel we use in the car. And if any fuel is used for our car or car performance will be good and the care engine will be active. And we will know how a fuel pollutes the environment and which fuel will be best for your car.
The first one is – Gasoline
The most used Gasoline or petrol in the car, because it is so easily available and very useful. Its price is much lower.
Gasoline or petrol is a liquid-mixture derived/derived from petroleum. It is preferably used as a fuel in the internal combustion engine. Its vaporization temperature is minus 62 degrees (Celsius), that is, its vapor is combustible at normal temperatures. For this reason, it is placed in the category of highly combustible materials. Historically lead was used in gasoline, but was removed in the year 2000.
It is used on a priority basis in many cold countries because at very low temperatures its flammability is higher than the rest of the fuels. At normal temperature, it has a density of 740 kg per cubic meter which is lighter than water (1000).
The first internal combustion engines suitable for use in transportation applications, so-called Otto engines, were developed in Germany during the last quarter of the 19th century.
Diesel is the most commonly used fuel for the track, buses, trains, boats, Aircraft, Military vehicles, Tractors and heavy equipment, machinery, and other vehicles. Diesel price is much lower than petrol, That’s why they are used in remote vehicles.
Mede with diesel and crude oils like petrol. Diesel is made through a process called “fractional distillation” that separates parts of crude oil. Whose fuel combustion occurs without any spark. Whose fuel combustion occurs without any spark, as a result of the condensation of the inlet air mixture and then of the fuel injection.
Diesel fuel containers must have a yellow color. Diesel fuel containers must have yellow color and gasoline comes in a red container. The chemical combination of diesel is usually C14H30.
There are usually five types of diesel –
- Petroleum diesel
- Synthetic diesel
- Hydrogenated oils and fats
Bio-diesel means that it a vegetable oil, animal fat-based diesel fuel. Biodiesel is usually chemically produced by fatty acid esters by lipid reaction.
Usually, this diesel engine can be used in a car by mixing biodiesel and petrodiesel. Since biodiesel tends to dissolve dirt and other factors in the fuel line, fuel filters get stuck fast and should be changed frequently.
Sources for sciencing
Liquified Petroleum gas is made by a flammable mixture of hydrocarbon gases. The short form of this gas is LPG or LP gas. This gas is used in various places, such as for Cooking purposes, Motor fuel, Conversion to gasoline, and Refrigeration.
Liquified Petroleum, when used as fuel for vehicles, is normally called autogas. Liquified Petroleum is used is almost every car in the US. And in the UK this fuel is used in hybrid cars. This gas is being used more and more in cars every day. This gas is much cheaper and readily available than other fuel.
Compressed Natural Gas
The most commonly used fuel in our list is Compressed natural gas (CNG). This fuel can be used in place of gasoline, Diesel fuel, and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG). Compressed natural gas (CNG) is used as the main fuel in many countries in the world. For example, Iran, Brazil, Pakistan, Argentina, and India are used in these countries.
This fuel is available at half price compared to other fuel, so its use is increasing day by day.
Advantages for Compressed natural gas (CNG)
- Natural gas car maintenance cost is very low compared to hydrocarbons fuel.
- Prevents fuel loss from evaporation.
- CNG does not contaminate and dilute the crankcase oil.
- Compressed natural gas can easily be mixed with air when it is fueled by air.
- CNG is available at half price compared to other fuel.
- CNG is less likely to ignite on hot surfaces.
- CNG is much safer than other fuels.
- Less pollution and more efficiency
Ethanol is a type of ethyl alcohol-fueled. This fuel has used in the vehicle by combining different types of fuels. You can use 100 percent ethanol in your car if you want. Ethanol blended fuel is widely used in Brazil, the United States, and Europe.
Ethanol fuel has a “gasoline gallon equivalents” (GET) value of 1.5, i.e. to replace the energy of 1 volume of gasoline, 1.5 times the volume of ethanol is needed.
There are two different methods of preparing it:
- Synthesis method – By adsorbing ethylene gas in concentrated sulfuric acid, ethyl hydrogen sulfate is formed which when boiled with water is hydrolyzed to give ethyl alcohol. The prevalence of this method is not yet high.
- Sterilization method – Through this, alcohols are made in commercial quantities from any sugary substance (sugar cane, glucose, salt, mahoe flower, etc.) or starchy substance (potato, rice, barley, corn, etc.).
These six types of fuel are commonly used in cars, but now there are many new fuels. For example Electric cars. Different models of cars are driven by different fuels that you need to know what oil my car runs with.
New and new fuels are coming to the market on a regular basis and these are being brought into the market by experiment and testing because the set that people use will benefit.
Before buying a car you need to determine what is the price of fuel. You need to plan to buy a car that is lower than the current price of fuel in the market.
If you want to know more about this, please comment below and let me know how you like our post.
My this post main sources for Wikipedia